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In addition to protecting your eyes from accidents, early detection and treatment of eye problems is the best way to keep your healthy vision throughout your life.
By age 65, one in three Americans has some form of vision-impairing eye disease. Most do not know it because there are often no warning symptoms or they assume that poor sight is a natural part of growing older.
In many cases, blindness and vision loss are preventable.
Some Eye Disease Facts
Much like your blood pressure, your eye has pressure too. When this intraocular pressure (IOP) exceeds its healthy pressure level, it would damage the optic nerve. This can result in decreased peripheral vision and if left untreated can eventually lead to blindness. Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States, and the most common cause of blindness among African Americans. More than three million people have glaucoma, but half do not realize it because there are often no warning symptoms.
Approximately 24 million people in the United States have diabetes and nearly one-quarter of them do not know it. Diabetes is the leading cause of new blindness among adults and people with diabetes are 25 times more likely to become blind than people without it. By detecting and treating Diabetic Retinopathy early through annual, dilated eye exams, people with diabetes can preserve their sight.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a medical condition which usually affects older adults that results in a loss of vision in the center of the visual field (the macula) because of damage to the retina. It occurs in “dry” and “wet” forms. It is a major cause of visual impairment in older adults. Macular degeneration can make it difficult or impossible to read or recognize faces, although enough peripheral vision remains to allow other activities of daily life. Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of vision loss in people 65 years or older in the United States. It affects more than 10 million Americans according to the National Eye Institute.
Protecting your eyes from injury is one of the most basic things you can do to keep your vision healthy throughout your life.
You may be somewhat aware of the possible risks of eye injuries, but are you taking the easiest step of all to prevent 90 percent of those injuries: wearing the proper protective eyewear?
If you are not taking this step, you are not alone. According to a recent national survey by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, only 35 percent of respondents said they always wear protective eyewear when performing home repairs or maintenance; even fewer do so while playing sports.
If you have suffered an eye injury, have an ophthalmologist or other medical doctor examine the eye as soon as possible, even if the injury seems minor.
Eye Injury Facts and Myths
Men are more likely to sustain an eye injury than women and most of those surveyed by the American Academy of Ophthalmology got this right.
Perceptions were off on where most eye injuries occur, however. The persistent belief was that eye injuries are most common on the job and especially in the course of work at factories and construction sites. In fact, nearly half (44.7 percent) of all eye injuries reported during the fifth-annual Eye Injury Snapshot (conducted by the American Academy of Ophthalmology and the American Society of Ocular Trauma) occurred in the home.
More than 40 percent of the injuries reported were caused by projects and activities such as home repairs, yardwork, cleaning and cooking. More than a third (34.2 percent) of injuries in the home occurred in living areas such as the kitchen, bedroom, bathroom, living or family room.
More than 40 percent of eye injuries every year are related to sports or recreational activities.
Eyes can be damaged by sun exposure, not just chemicals, dust or objects.
Ophthalmology and Eye Injuries
Nearly a dozen ophthalmology organizations are working together to help reduce the rate of <a href="http://www.vissioneyes.com">eye injuries</a> by encouraging people to wear protective eyewear.
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